For example, under the ACA, around 4.9 million Latinas are receiving expanded preventive service coverage, and an estimated 4.6 million Latinas will gain access to affordable or subsidized health insurance, which may help close some of the health disparities Latina women face. Similar lifetime IPV rates were found for Latina and non-Latina women.

Research shows that they’re paid 47 percent less than white men and 31 percent less than white women on average. Latina Equal Pay Day, observed on Nov. 20th this year, is meant to put that gap on display. Against the background of Hillary Clinton’s defeat in the 2016 presidential race, it is hard to understand how one of the richest and most powerful countries in the world has never elected a woman to the White House. Other countries in the Western Hemisphere — Nicaragua, Panama, Chile, Argentina, Brazil and Costa Rica — have had women as presidents.

The U.S. Census Bureau defines being Hispanic as an ethnicity, rather than a race, and thus people of this group may be of any race. In a 2015 national survey of self-identified Hispanics, 56% said that being Hispanic is part of both their racial and ethnic background, while smaller numbers considered it part of their ethnic background only (19%) or racial background only (11%). Hispanics may be of any linguistic background; in a 2015 survey, 71% of American Hispanics agreed that it “is not necessary for a person to speak Spanish to be considered Hispanic/Latino.” Hispanic people may share some commonalities in their language, culture, history, and heritage.

The health status of latino immigrant women in the United States and future health policy implication of the affordable care act. “Technical Documentation for the Census 2000 Modified Race Data Summary File”. Ana Gonzales-Barrera & Mark Hugo Lopez, Is being Hispanic a matter of race, ethnicity or both?

According to Judicael Clevelário’s calculations, the total population of immigrant origin in 1872 would be of about 240,000 people; consequently, the total White population of non-immigrant origin for that year would be of about 3,540,000 people at least. In the eyes of the Census Bureau, Hispanics can be of any race, any ancestry or any country of origin. This results in varying patterns that relate to where people come from and how they choose to identify themselves on census surveys. For example, nearly all immigrants from Mexico (99%) called themselves Hispanic, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the Census Bureau’s 2017 American Community Survey.

Over half of the Hispanic population is concentrated in the Southwest region, mostly composed of Mexican Americans. California and Texas have some of the largest populations of Mexicans and Central American Hispanics in the United States.

The word Latino is short for LatinoAmericano, which translates to Latin American. It was originally adopted in the US for the purpose of additional categorization of the population in the United States Census. It is important to note that Latino/a is an ethnic category, and one that encompasses various racial groups. Latinas are women of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Dominican, Central American, South American, or Spanish origin.

The three major human races are genetically closely related as indicated by determination of evolutionary genetic distance. There is a controversy in the biomedical community as to what extent race would have any meaning for therapy. Different alleles are represented by different frequencies among ethnic groups and there may be differences in response to medication and a different need for social services.

Moreover, Latinos’ immigration/nativity status plays a major role regarding their academic achievement. For instance, first- and second- generation Latinos outperform their later generational counterparts.

Though Brazil is part of Latin America, it is not a Spanish-speaking country, and is excluded from the category of Latinos by the United States Census office. Set in Colombia in the 1970s, right when the demand for marijuana is set to explode, Ciro Guerra’s follow-up to his Oscar-nominatedEmbrace of the Serpentditches the black and white aesthetic of his previous film for the colorful world of the Guajira desert.

The term ethnic is derived from the Greek word ἔθνος ethnos (more precisely, from the adjective ἐθνικός ethnikos, which was loaned into Latin as ethnicus). The inherited English language term for this concept is folk, used alongside the latinate people since the late Middle English period. The largest ethnic groups among White Americans were Germans, followed by Irish and English. In the 1980 census 49,598,035 Americans cited that they were of English ancestry, making them 26% of the country and the largest group at the time, and in fact larger than the population of England itself.

The Latin race, as defined in this context, was composed of all people descending from nations who spoke romance tongues, descending from Latin. Hence, this definition would effectively include French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish peoples etc. as “latinos” along with the people descended from the Latin colonies. “Latino” as a category used in the United States may be understood as a https://lebgul.ml/lies-youve-been-told-about-puerto-rican-girl-2/ shorthand for the Spanish word latinoamericano or the Portuguese phrase latino-americano, thus excluding speakers of Romance languages from Europe. Both “Hispanic” and “Latino” are generally used to denote people living in the United States. There are also populations of predominantly of African descent as well as populations of American Indian descent as well as those with intermixed ancestries.

The number of working-poor Latina women is more than double that of white women, at 13.58 percent, compared with 6.69 percent. According to a 2010 study, the median household wealth of single Latina women is $120, compared with single white women’s median household wealth of $41,500. Bureau of Labor Statistics, 32.2 percent of Latina women work in the service sector, compared with only 20 percent of white women, and service workers are almost 20 percent less likely to have either paid sick leave or retirement benefits. Latina women earn $549 per week, compared with white women’s median earnings of $718. Latina women make 55 cents to the dollar when compared to white, non-Hispanic males.

How Many People Speak Spanish In Europe?

Early on in the United States, membership in the white race was generally limited to those of British, Germanic, or Nordic ancestry. Additionally, people who reported Muslim (or a sect of Islam such as Shi’ite or Sunni), Jewish, Zoroastrian, or Caucasian as their “race” in the “Some other race” section, without noting a country of origin, are automatically tallied as White. The US Census considers the write-in response of “Caucasian” or “Aryan” to be a synonym for White in their ancestry code listing. In cases where individuals do not self-identify, the U.S. census parameters for race give each national origin a racial value.

The Affordable Care Act does not cover non-citizens nor does it cover immigrants with less than 5 years of residency. As a result, Latino immigrants struggle to gain health care once they enter the United States. Non-citizen Latinos often avoid hospitals and clinics for fear of deportation, leading to an increased risk of preventable diseases such as tuberculosis and Hepatitis in this population. Additionally, Latino health deteriorates as this population assimilates into unhealthy lifestyles associated with lower socioeconomic American populations. While the primary reason for immigration into the United States for Latinas is economic improvement, the betterment of family life remains an important factor.

According to the 2017 American Community Survey, 65% of Hispanic and Latinos identified as White. The largest numbers of those who consider themselves White Hispanics come from within the Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban, Colombian and Spanish communities. As of 2017, Hispanics accounted for 18% of the U.S. population, or almost 59 million people.

They regard ethnicity as a product of specific kinds of inter-group interactions, rather than an essential quality inherent to human groups.Processes that result in the emergence of such identification are called ethnogenesis. Members of an ethnic group, on the whole, claim cultural continuities over time, although historians and cultural anthropologists have documented that many of the values, practices, and norms that imply continuity with the past are of relatively recent invention. “Constructivism” sees both primordialist and perennialist views as basically flawed, and rejects the notion of ethnicity as a basic human condition. It holds that ethnic groups are only products of human social interaction, maintained only in so far as they are maintained as valid social constructs in societies.”Modernist constructivism” correlates the emergence of ethnicity with the movement towards nation states beginning in the early modern period. Proponents of this theory, such as Eric Hobsbawm, argue that ethnicity and notions of ethnic pride, such as nationalism, are purely modern inventions, appearing only in the modern period of world history.

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